Classification Matrix Instruments

Class 'Mandatory'  'Voluntary' 
Informational
  • Product labels
  • Approved technology lists
  • Graduated tax on advert
  • Information campaign
  • Product location at sale
  • Ranking and awards campaigns
Regulatory / administrative
  • Regulatory standards
  • Licenses
  • Government procurement
  • Recycling requirements
  • Product ban
  • Waste targets, requirements and/or prices
  • Deposits / refunds on purchased goods
  • Limits on percentage ownership or use
  • Sector trade body standards
  • Business emission agreements / allowances
  • Supply chain procurement requirements
  • Voluntary agreements by trade organisations
  • Extension of product lifetime
  • Retailers product choice
Economic / financial ‘Externality / Cost-raising’
  • C-intensive materials charge
  • Carbon embodied charge
  • Product user fees
  • Waste targets, requirements and/or prices
  • Minimum price limits
  • Business emission agreements / allowances
‘Subsidy / cost –reducing’
  • Subsidy
  • Deposits / refunds on purchased goods
  • Product tax incentives
  • Trade Env Goods and Services agreements - e.g. tariffs
  • Preferential finance terms
Enabling infrastructure & institutional
  • Mandatory metering
  • Infrastructure Improvements
  • Enabling recycling
  • Enabling product sharing