Low carbon lifestyles: A framework to structure consumption strategies and options to reduce carbon footprints
The Carbon-CAP research has resulted in an accepted manuscript
Karin Schanes, Stefan Giljum, Edgar Hertwich. (Accepted Date: 29 August 2016) Low carbon lifestyles: A framework to structure consumption strategies and options to reduce carbon footprints. Journal of Cleaner Production. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.154
There are many opportunities for consumers to design their lives more sustainably. While a rapidly growing body of literature has investigated how consumers can reduce carbon footprints in key consumption areas, such as food, housing and mobility, an overall framework that allows structuring those options across all consumption areas is still missing. Hence, this paper presents a novel and systematic framework to identify improvement options that promote climate change mitigation and structure them based on their primary mode of impact on GHG emissions. The framework targets consumer practices and focuses on ambitious, but technically and socioeconomically feasible, strategies for consumers to lower their carbon footprint. Four major categories for reducing consumption-based emissions form the basic framework, which are then subdivided into behavioral strategies and sub-strategies. The practical application of the framework is illustrated by using food consumption as an example. Systematically identifying improvement options can advance a holistic understanding of the range of behavioural strategies targeting consumer choices that operate at different stages in the supply chain. It thus provides a starting point for addressing critical questions related to the role of consumers in supporting climate change mitigation.
Convergence between the Eora, WIOD, EXIOBASE, and OpenEU’s consumption-based carbon accounts
The work on assessing and reducing uncertainties, looking at stochastic uncertainty across the various MRIO databases, has resulted in the publication:
Moran, Daniel; Wood, Richard. (2014) Convergence between the Eora, WIOD, EXIOBASE, and OpenEU’s consumption-based carbon accounts. Economic Systems Research. Vol. 26 (3). DOI: 10.1080/09535314.2014.935298
In this paper, we take an overview of several of the biggest independently constructed global multi-regional input–output (MRIO) databases and ask how reliable and consonant these databases are. The key question is whether MRIO accounts are robust enough for setting environmental policies. This paper compares the results of four global MRIOs: Eora, WIOD, EXIOBASE, and the GTAP-based OpenEU databases, and investigates how much each diverges from the multi-model mean. We also use Monte Carlo analysis to conduct sensitivity analysis of the robustness of each accounts’ results and we test to see how much variation in the environmental satellite account, rather than the economic structure itself, causes divergence in results. After harmonising the satellite account, we found that carbon footprint results for most major economies disagree by<10% between MRIOs. Confidence estimates are necessary if MRIO methods and consumption-based accounting are to be used in environmental policy-making at the national level.
CBCA as a Tool for Climate Change Ambition Under UNFCCC
A paper prepared for the First Stakeholder Workshop, 7-8 October 2014, Cambridge, UK (paper 1).
Author: Gilberto Arias
Business-led sustainable consumption initiatives – impacts and lessons learned
A paper prepared for the First Stakeholder Workshop, 7-8 October 2014, Cambridge, UK (paper 2).
Author: Nancy M.P. Bocken
Scenario Planning Session Report
A paper prepared for the First Stakeholder Workshop, 7-8 October 2014, Cambridge, UK (paper 3).
Author: John Reynolds
Environmental rebound effect from transport innovation and implications for climate policy
A paper prepared for the First Stakeholder Workshop, 7-8 October 2014, Cambridge, UK (paper 4)
Author: David Font Vivanco
Carbon-CAP Think Piece for 1st Stakeholder Meeting
A paper prepared for the First Stakeholder Workshop, 7-8 October 2014, Cambridge, UK (paper 5).
Author: Jim Skea