Policy Brief 1 - Consumption-based Accounting and Policies: Challenges and Opportunities ahead

This policy brief is based on the output of the Carbon-CAP project. Tackling climate change requires complementing production-focused policies with consumption-based approaches. Doing so can also help to more directly address consumption as a driver of increasing emissions by realising a wider range of mitigation options along the value chain and at the point of final consumption.

Policy Brief 2 - Acceptance of Consumption-based Climate Policy Instruments and Implementation Challenges

The Carbon-CAP project has assessed approximately 30 policy instruments with the potential to reduce carbon emissions associated with consumer purchases. The results indicate that a group of instruments can reduce carbon significantly, with few barriers to implementation. Another group faces moderate barriers that could be overcome by placing them into portfolios, where weaknesses in one policy are reduced through other policies. A third group faces large barriers to implementation, even in portfolios. One of the key findings is that instruments that change the characteristics of products available to consumers should have priority, while policies that affect consumer choices between products on the market could be applied at a second stage, and as a way to support the priority measures.

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